Immunotherapy: Training the Body to Fight Cancer

Balveen Kaur, The Ohio State University and Pravin Kaumaya, The Ohio State University

The human immune system is powerful and complex.

It can identify and destroy invaders of nearly infinite variety, yet spare the more than 30 trillion cells of the healthy body.

Unfortunately, the broken cells of cancer are able to retain, and boost, the “recognize and ignore me” signals of undamaged cells, letting them evade detection by the immune system. As a result, these damaged cells grow unmolested, destroying the normal physiological functioning of tissues and organs.

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Far Beyond Crime-ridden Depravity, Darknets Are Key Strongholds of Freedom of Expression Online

Roderick S. Graham, Old Dominion University and Brian Pitman, Old Dominion University

The internet is much more than just the publicly available, Google-able web services most online users frequent – and that’s good for free expression. Companies frequently create private networks to enable employees to use secure corporate servers, for example. And free software allows individuals to create what are called “peer-to-peer” networks, connecting directly from one machine to another.

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Does An Anomaly In The Earth's Magnetic Field Portend A Coming Pole Reversal?

John Tarduno, University of Rochester and Vincent Hare, University of Rochester

The Earth is blanketed by a magnetic field. It’s what makes compasses point north, and protects our atmosphere from continual bombardment from space by charged particles such as protons. Without a magnetic field, our atmosphere would slowly be stripped away by harmful radiation, and life would almost certainly not exist as it does today.

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When 'Energy' Drinks Actually Contained Radioactive Energy

Timothy J. Jorgensen, Georgetown University

Modern life have you feeling frazzled? Flagging a bit as you rush through your day? Maybe you’re one of the millions of consumers who lean on energy drinks to put a little extra pep in your step.

Though emblematic of our time, energy drinks aren’t an invention of the new millennium. People have relied on them to combat fatigue for at least a century. Today, their “energy” typically derives from some type of neurological stimulant that makes people feel more energetic, or sometimes just sugar.

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